Palouste/Artouste
The Palouste and Artouste gas turbine engines are two of a family which were built by the Blackburn aircraft company in the UK. These engines date from the 1950s and adopt the radial combustion chamber design pioneered by Turbomeca of France. The Palouste was a common stationary engine which was used as an air compressor on the ground. A number of different starting trolleys and trailers featured the Palouste engine and it was also mounted in a special "pod" for under wing aircraft mounting.

The Artouste engine adopts an identical mechnical layout as the Palouste but also featured a reduction gearbox so that it can drive an AC generator as well as provide compressed air. The Artouste was used aboard aircraft as an Airborne Auxiliary Power Plant (AAPP). The artouste also featured a more elaborate fuel control system.

Many Palouste engines were produced and were made under licence by Rolls Royce and Lucas Aerospace. Palouste engines can be found surplus from time to time, they are an old fasioned and heavey power plant so not particularly useful.

A French built Turbomeca helicopter engine also carries the Artouste name. This engine adopts a similar combustion chamber design but is otherwise a different engine.

Very rare twin shaft version of the Palouste engine producing about 300 BHP

 

 

Palouste/Artouste Specification
Power Output..........................1.65Lbs/Sec @ 37 P.S.I. Air Delivery (Artouste AAPP MK113) + 10-48 Kw Elec.
RPM........................................35,000
Compressor............................Oversize Centrifugal Impeller Pr. 3.6:1
Combustion Chamber..............Radial Unit with Rotary Atomiser
Turbine.....................................2 Stage Axial Flow
Layout.....................................Single Shaft with Reduction Gear and Accessory gearbox
Starting.....................................Electric or back up Hand Crank (Palouste)
Ignition.....................................Torch Ignitor with High Energy or High Tension Spark (Palouste)
Fuel System.............................Gear Pump with Centrifugal Governor and Pneumatic Controls
Lubrication...............................Dry Sump with Reservoirs built into Air Intake Region
Weight.....................................450 Lbs
Length.....................................70 in (Artouste)
Width......................................23 in
Height......................................24 in
Application..............................Artouste 520 in Trident Airliner, Artouste 113 in Victor B2, Various Ground Starting Carts
Palouste compressor in two-seat pressure jet helicopter.

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